Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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Aresti of Spain and Mr. If no points are specified, rolling is done without hesitations. These maneuvers involve bringing the airplane to a complete stop arseti a vertical attitude and then sliding back a visible amount.

This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Hammerhead to the IAC competition judging standard. This maneuver is sometimes called a hammerhead stall.

There are hundreds of maneuvers, but most are variations of the maneuvers already covered. Competition turns are not the coordinated maneuvers that you use in normal flying.

Thick dot represents the beginning of the manoeuver, while a short perpendicular line represents the end.

The decreasing bank angle during the second half of the Chandelle will maintain a constant turn rate together with the decreasing airspeed. Feel free to make up routines of your own. As drawn, the figure depicts a quarter roll flown on a vertical up-line. The following sequence is similar to the compulsory sequence for flyers in the Intermediate Class of competition.

Aresti Catalog

Higher K-values mean more difficult maneuvers. He devised the system to aymbols keep track of maneuvers in international aerobatic competition. Each figure is assigned a score from 0 to 10, which is then multiplied by the K factor. These describe straight flight in these directions. These descriptions are NOT intended as instruction.


Aresti Symbols | Reference | Pinterest | Symbols and Airplane

This is another variation of the basic loop. Elevator and rudder are used to keep the nose pointing straight down. At the advanced stage, the maneuvers come rapidly, one after the other, so it becomes more important than ever to exit each maneuver properly so you can move directly to the next.

This figure can have optionally rolls on both the up-line and the down-line. This is a variation of the basic loop. The looping portions in almost all figures have to have the same radius in all parts of a figure. The basic building block symbols of the Aresti system are shown in Figure After moving vertically down to pick up speed again, the maneuver is finished with the last quarter of a loop to horizontal flight.

Sequence Flying – Jet Fighter School II by Richard G. Sheffield

The figure completes with another quarter loop to horizontal flight. A good sequence is more than the sum of its individual parts.

But this broad term includes many other smaller categories of flying, including stunt flying, competitive aerobatics, and display flying. Arrows represent rolling manoeuvers with numbers representing the extent and number of segments of the roll.

Five-eighths of a loop complete the figure to horizontal flight. The catalog assigns each manoeuver a unique identifiercalled a catalog numberand difficulty factor, represented by the symbol K. After the compulsory sequence, the pilot may fly a short freestyle routine of his own choosing. A good sequence depends on how these parts fit together. The maneuver starts with a pull-up of about 3 to 4 G.


Any deviation from the center results in a downgrading during a competition. It was used for international competitions through The K-values included with the competition figures give an indication of the difficulty of each of these maneuvers.

Parts of loops connect these line segments. The roll rate has to be constant and the flight path must continue in a straight line. The Wing-Over is a competition maneuver in glider aerobatics. These symbols may look complicated at first, but a careful inspection reveals that they are very descriptive of the maneuvers they represent.

Further, no pilot should attempt these figures without training from a competent aerobatic instructor.

Sequence Flying

Below is a list of aerobatic figures and the symbols used to represent them. Bob Ostrander and Norval G.

During the vertical line up, some right aileron and right rudder is needed to maintain the vertical attitude because of the engine torque and p-factor.

Stalled wing manoeuvers such as spins and snap flick rolls are represented by triangles.

Centered on this line is a half roll from upright to inverted. Try to stay over a landmark on the ground to simulate the audience location.

Aileron rolls are flown with the smybols and elevator in the neutral position during the roll.