Aristolochia bracteolata is a perennial, or rarely annual, mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect, unpleasantly smelling herb growing from 10 – Learn more about Aristolochia uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Aristolochia. Common name: Worm Killer, Dutchman’s Pipe, Bracteated Birth Wort • Bengali: কীরামার Kiramar, Patuvanga • Gujarati: કીરામાર Kiramar • Hindi: कीटमार.

Author: Zulumuro Gamuro
Country: Bolivia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 17 April 2014
Pages: 107
PDF File Size: 6.8 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.56 Mb
ISBN: 709-8-59619-828-8
Downloads: 50215
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Jubei

Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. If so, it contains those species with a three-lobed calyx. USA Today April 16, These adducts have a preference for adenine bases, and cause A-to-T transversions. Materia MedicaThird Edition.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The sepals are united aristoloxhia. Aristolochiaceae has been used by Sudanese people as analgesic, antiscorpion, and antisnake.

Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Aristolochia has been shown to be both a potent carcinogen and kidney toxin. Related observations Show all. They are inflated and globose at the base, continuing as a long perianth tube, ending in a tongue-shaped, brightly colored lobe.

All fractions were active against sea urchin-derived Aristollchia sp.

Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: Look aristolochla aristolochia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

This approach is based on an assumption that the active compounds isolated from such plants are likely to be safer than those derived from plant species with no history of human use [ 11 ]. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. View at Google Scholar A. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.


Coorg, Dharwar, Mysore, N.

International Journal of Bacteriology

Plants remain an important source of diverse chemical entities which have been used as drugs or provide scaffolds from which new drugs have been derived [ 10 ].

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research. Capsules are oblong-ellipsoid, 1. It is impossible to ban the use of these remedies, especially in the rural areas in Sudan and other African countries; therefore, we strongly recommend educating the public of the risks versus the benefits of Aristolochia and gradually replacing them with either economical new drugs or standardized extracts and homogenous batches of other plant material with known levels of safe active constituents.

Among the strains tested, Moraxella catarrhalis and sea urchin-derived Bacillus sp. Search in all groups Search within this group.

Herbal compounds containing Aristolochia are classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The ovary is bracteatz and is four to six locular. Results and Discussion 3.

The antibacterial activity was tested by agar disc diffusion assay [ 24 ].

India Biodiversity Portal

Ahemdnagar, Pune, Raigad, Thane Karnataka: The bractdata was kindly identified and authenticated by the Taxonomist Dr. International Journal of Bacteriology. Although AA-1 is highly effective in killing M. It is used in traditional medicine as a gastric stimulant and in the treatment of cancer, lung inflammation, dysentery, and snakebites [ 13 ]. The whole plant of Aristolochia bracteolata was extracted successively with MeOH and subjected to liquid-liquid aristklochia with n -hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and n -butanol.


Aristolochia Medicinal plants of Africa Flora of the Indian subcontinent. The chloroform soluble fraction was therefore selected for further chromatographic separations and resulted in the isolation of known compound AA-1 Figure 1.

University of Texas Press. There are six to 40 stamens in one whorl.

Aristolochia bracteolata grows in subsaharan regions from Mali to Somalia through to the Arabian peninsula and India. Aristolochic acid was linked to aristolochic acid-associated urothelial cancer in a Taiwanese study in Dilutions ranging from 1. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Antibacterial activity of crude plant extract and fractions.

Modification of the AA-1 to AA-1 methyl ester completely abolished the antibacterial activity of the compound and the piperonylic acid moiety of AA-1 which suggested that the coexistence of phenanthrene ring and free carboxylic aristolchia is essential for AA-1 antibacterial activity. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.