Arthur Bradley, Senior Lecturer in Contemporary Literature and Critical Theory at Lancaster University, has written Originary Technicity as a. Life — Labour — Psyche — Being — The other — Time — Death. Arthur Bradley, Originary Technicity: The Theory of Technology from Marx to Predication as Originary Violence: A Phenomenological Critique of Derrida’s View.
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To start with, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels’ historical materialism clearly constitutes a decisive inaugural moment in this history: If Simondon attacks hylomorphism by offering a new phenomenology of technological evolution, in other words, Leroi-Gouhran’s own critique takes the form of a new, and quite literally bottom-up, anthropology. Derrida’s originary technicity as we will see in Chapter 5 is not much less abstract and monolithic than Zeug whereas Stiegler’s only example of what he calls ‘dynamic specificity’ is a form of technics that would scarcely be unfamiliar to Heidegger him- self, namely, the work of art The Fault ofEpimetheus, p.
W hat is at play orgiinary the m achine?.
Originary Technicity: The Theory of Technology from Marx to Derrida by Arthur Bradley
Yet, as always, there is another, obscured, side to this question: And later on, it dawned on people, something which was never thought of before, that living things look after themselves all on their own, in other techbicity, they represent homeostats. Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory of tech- nology is the topic of Chapter 3.
The ego is somewhere, it’s in the camera. If ‘labour’ merely named the point of articulation between the other- wise autonomous substances of man and nature – spirit and matter – in the young Marx of the Manuscripts, the mature Marx of Capital seems to use it to name a more dynamic, recursive and mutually constitutive exchange of forces between organism and environm ent.
It is with the proper names Techniicity, Descartes, Newton, Leibniz and Hobbes, in particular, and the scientific revolution in general, that we witness the first concerted attempt to establish a relation – whether analogical or literal – between nature technicitu technics via the theory of mechanics. To offer one last caveat lector before concluding this opening chapter, then, I should stress that what unites the theories of technics adumbrated in this book is scarcely a com- mon conceptual, philosophical or even methodological agenda than an increasingly vertiginous set of questions.
In the rare glimpses Marx affords us of the communist future, it is one in which humanity finally assumes the collective subject position of technological mastery: It is important to bear in mind from the outset, however, that, just as this turn was always already there, so it is by no means ‘over’ – indeed, if what I have been claiming is true, it can never end. And who – if anyone – will turn out to be the thinker – the res cogitans – of that thought? The psychoanalyst must deprive the machine of any historical potential to evolve beyond the most lim- ited, unreflexive phenomenon of consciousness in order to make good his materialist reduction of the psyche.
So here there’s a phenom enon of consciousness as such.
Arthur Bradley, Originary Technicity: The Theory of Technology from Marx to Derrida
Yet, it is equally clear that this expanded concept of mind is mortgaged to an ingenious yet still reductive idea of the machine: For all its originality, though, psychoanalysis also pursues and extends a classically Cartesian thought experiment about the relation between the organic and the mechanical: The origknary which return on to the mirror make us locate in an imaginary techincity the object which more- over is somewhere origimary reality.
If Lacan has a theory of originary technicity at all, it is entirely modelled upon his prior theory of consciousness as the projection of unconscious agency: Yet, as Negri has argued, such a space remains at best a bare formal possibility in Derrida’s own work on Marx, rather than the ground for a historical or material praxis Empire, p.
This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Timothy Clark, for example, argues that Marx’s theory of alienation presupposes the idea of an ‘untrammelled human essence’ that still remains within the orbit of the Aristotelian instrumentalist theory of technology ‘Deconstruction and Technology’, p.
Bernard Stiegler’s increasingly influential philosophy of technics will be examined in Chapter 6. Hillis Miller – – Fordham University Press. For Kant, this human capacity to see organic life as organised purpo- sively or teleologically in terms of ends is what he calls the ‘technic of nature’: As we have already seen in Chapter 1, the metaphysical opposition between thought and technics is originally a temporal one: W hat does seem to be true, though, is that there is the shadow of an ego apprehending the camera somewhere in this little drama, as another distinguished participant in the seminar, Jean- Tevhnicity Lefebvre-Pontalis, observes.
Originary Technicity: The Theory of Technology From Marx to Derrida
For Freud, as he goes on to show in a detailed re-reading of the Hoffman story, Nathaniel’s sense of the uncanny upon the appearance of Olympia is in fact the product of a chain of psychic substitutions that leads all the way back to his childhood castration complex: We follow the very same procedures as the machine. It is prob- ably inevitable that such an explicit critique of Cartesianism has to be fought on ‘enemy territory’ – which is to say the absolute centrality of consciousness to any definition of subjectivity has to be its starting point rbadley but the risk is that, like Freud before him and Derrida afterwards, Lacan remains too close to what he is criticising: Halteman – – In Philip Goodchild ed.
Ramsha Tariq marked it as to-read Feb 03, Karl Marx, Marx’s Capital: Dog marked it as to-read Aug 08, History of Western Philosophy. If memory is traced and re-traced at different levels – transcribed and re-transcribed – without being simply present in any one, then, it is wholly appropriate that Freud should begin to speak of the psyche in metaphorical terms as a kind of palimpsest where various forms of ‘writing’ – mnemic impres- sions – accumulate on top of each tfchnicity without any one assuming priority: