BURUSHASKI LANGUAGE PDF

BURUSHASKI (Burúśaski), language spoken by the Burúśo (sing. Burúśin) in Hunza-Karakorum, North Pakistan, containing some Iranian loanwords of various . Known to its speakers as mišāski or ‘my language’, Burushaski is mainly spoken in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys situated in the Gilgit- Baltistan (formerly. The picturesque valleys of northern Pakistan are the cradles of many strange languages and cultures. The languages spoken here — virtually.

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Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Lack of institutional support and cultural homogenization through education and media have also greatly contributed to a drive towards language shift. Many Burushos have expressed a strong need for the documentation and preservation of Burushaski oral literature which is feared to be lost when the present older generation passes away. Objects made of particular materials can lnguage to either the x- or the y- class: The infinitive forms — which in Burushaski are the absolutives of the past and present, the perfect participle, and two infinitives — admit all the finite variations except tense and mood.

The infixes, and their basic meanings, are as follows:.

The personal affixes are also used when the noun occupies the role of the subject or the object, e. The optative and imperative are derived directly from the stem.

Burushaski phrasebook

Caucasian languages are the ones with which Burushaski has any similarity, if at all, wrote Berger. The Basque language is predominantly used in an area comprising approximately 3, square miles 10, square kilometres in Spain….

Families with more than 30 languages are in bold. Kol Kuot Porome Taiap? Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from May Articles containing Burushaski-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July All accuracy disputes Articles with disputed statements from July Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

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The journal published some very informative and useful papers on Burushaski in its 21st issue as well. Burushaski is a strange language Rauf Parekh July 19, In any case, it kanguage not occur in the Yasin dialect, and in Hunza and Nager it does not occur at the beginning of words.

About the Language

A number of verbs — mostly according to their root form — are found with the d-prefix in position 2, which occurs before a languahe according to vowel harmony.

Since Pakistan and India achieved independence inPakistan has been distinguished from its larger southeastern neighbour by its overwhelmingly Muslim population….

These three soldiers fell ill and stayed on and settled there.

Families in italics have no living members. Nouns in Burushaski are divided into four genders: Thus, one cannot simply say ‘mother’ or ‘arm’ in Burushaski, but only ‘my arm’, ‘your mother’, ‘his father’, etc. Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern…. Basque languagelanguage isolate, the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century bce.

Dear reader, please upgrade to the latest version of IE to have a better reading experience. Nouns in the x-class typically refer to countable, non-human beings or things, for example animals, fruit, stones, eggs, or coins; conversely, nouns in the y-class are as a rule uncountable abstractions or mass nouns, such as rice, fire, water, snow, wool, etc.

Burushaski proper Hunza-Nagar Wershikwar Yasin. Distinctions in number are singular, plural, indefinite, and grouped. Intelligibility between Hunza-Nagar and Yasin is difficult, and Yasin is sometimes considered a distinct language. Incidentally, all the research material on Burushaski language and culture had been published abroad and in Pakistan there was little material available in Urdu on Burushaski aside from volume number 14 of the Punjab University’s encyclopaedia of Urdu literature.

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Historically speaking, the Burusho people and their language had long been shrouded in the mist of mystery when it comes to their lineage and origin. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on Dawn.

Burushaski Language Documentation Project

In some cases the exact source cannot be determined: Agreement on the verb has both nominative and ergative features: The Burushaski number system is vigesimali. A list of such works was published in issue 30 of ‘Jareeda’. Topic select a topic For example, the construction of the preterite of the transitive verb phus ‘to tie’, with prefixes and suffixes separated by hyphens, is as follows:. In addition to language contact via spoken interaction, contact with Urdu is also mediated through local media and television.

Sri Lankan Creole Malay. Burushaski is a double-marking language and word order is generally subject—object—verb. On the other hand, there are also nouns which have identical forms in the singular and plural, e. Burushaski verbs have three basic stems: A master’s thesis research work of a native speaker of Burushaski on Middle Voice Construction in he Hunza Dialect claims that the [dd-] verbal prefix is an overt morphological middle marker for MV constructions, while the [n-] verbal prefix is a morphological marker for passive voice.

Based on his own research, Berger published a book on Burushaski grammar in You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The following table gives an overview of the positions and their functions. The verb stem is in position 5, preceded by four possible prefixes and followed by seven possible suffixes.