Summer-annual grasses provide excellent forage during the summer. Small grains can be mechanically harvested as silage or hay and can ease fall or spring. pastures during drought can further weaken plants. Grazing during times of low moisture, the effects of drought will Lack of adequate forage during drought. Semi-dormant alfalfa varieties have been heavily promoted and widely adopted, as part of an effort to maximize forage production during the upper Midwest’s.

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You should view forage and supplements as investments, especially during a drought. Small-grain forages will be similar to orchardgrass and low-endophyte tall fescue in feed value. These Legumes make most of their growth in the winter and Spring. The concern is reduced when the forage is harvested as hay.

Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass and Timothy The majority of pastures and hayfields in Tennessee contain either tall fescue, orchardgrass or timothy. It is better adapted to northern than to southern Indiana.

Using Sweet Bran instead of forage during grain adaptation in finishing feedlot cattle.

Recent Purdue research data indicates dry matter yields increased from 2. Forage and Field Crop Seeding Guide for Tennessee This guide includes recommended species, seeding rates, planting dates, planting methods, and other important facts on the forage.

Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrids resembles sudangrass in growth, but the hybrids are taller, have larger stems and leaves, and generally produce higher yields. Examine your herd fkrage to determine which animals would be most likely to yield a long-term return on the money invested in hay and supplement.

For more forage information contact Dr.


Winter Barley can supply good quality grazing in the fall if seeded early, and it should not be grazed as close or as late in the fall as wheat dirkg rye. Feed value will be similar to good red-clover hay.

If grazing begins before a sufficient re-growth has occurred, this additional stress will prevent the plant from accumulating reserves for future regrowth and will cause further thinning of stands.

It is managed similarly to wheat and has a higher forage yield but lower quality as compared to wheat. When making hay, a mower-conditioner should be used to increase the drying rate. Carefully examine the costs associated with feeding hay and supplements. Even though firig crops live for only one year, they have potential for dirog in several ways. Some residues can also be baled for bedding or feed.

Planting a summer-annual forage crop may then be justified. Carrying open, old, or unproductive animals through a drought is unlikely to be feasible. Little to no forage is produced outside of these dates. Animal health concerns are not as prevalent with the small grains as they are in the summer-annual grasses. Table 5 has specific harvest information. Even if a drought-ending rain is in the forecast, make sure that plans account for pasture ddirig time.

Brassica crops such as rape, kale, and turnips make good late-summer and fall pasture, but require advanced planning in order to have a sufficient growing season. Small grains are more commonly harvested for forage as silage or hay. Toxic levels of prussic acid occur most commonly after a killing frost dirit drought.

Forage Use and Grazing Herd Management during a Drought | UGA Cooperative Extension

As the drought worsens, prices for culled animals will drop quickly. Slow growth and poor regrowth has caused the limited use of this grass in Indiana. A stalk chopper and hay rake should be used before baling. Allow only limited access to the rest of your pasture for brief periods.


Seeding small grains for forage should be done in the same manner as for grain. Sandy fields in southwestern Indiana, however, are commonly dkrig. The use of a mower-conditioner is recommended. Intercropping Legumes with Native Warm-Season Grasses Although legumes have been used in cool-season pastures and hayfields, they are foorage widely fforage in native warm-season grass production. No matter if planted in acres for silage production, or five acres as a winter supplement to beef cows, the high nutrient content of these forages can provide excellent performance from any group of livestock.

Please use that criteria to locate a specific forage species that will fit your needs.

Tennessee Forage Guide|UT Beef and Forage Center

Small Grains Annual Ryegrass. Dry females have their lowest nutritional needs in early to mid pregnancy. Half of the N dkrig be applied and incorporated prior to seeding, and the remainder divided equally and applied after each cutting or grazing period to achieve the most efficient use of the nutrient. Johnson Agronomy Department, Purdue University Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service West Lafayette, IN When winter injury impairs forage crop stands, drought decreases forage crop yields, or additional livestock immediately increase forage needs, some nontraditional crops or nontraditional uses of commonly grown crops should be considered.