Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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In addition to his Harvard PhD systm, Legesse has published a book [3] positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers. Baxter and Uri Almagor eds.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System –

The assembly discusses cases of high degree, making law legislationreviewing the existing laws, assesses if there is decline in law and careless violation of the law. The handover of power is often undertaken every eight years smoothly and peacefully. That is forty years long. When they reach Gada Grade VI after sixteen years they become leaders of all the classes and the whole nation.

In the middle of the deliberations he intervenes to make sure that a topic is meant to be in the meeting for discussion rather than debate. Participants of Gada Assembly sysyem Gada leaders, junior councilors, assistant officials in the administration, Yuba semi-retired Gada leadersmany age sets councilors and a large number of clan elders.

The councilors are elected and proclaimed as leaders sydtem their group or class at the beginning of grade IV. The major activity of the Gada Assembly can be described as legislative.

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Proto-cushitic peoples used to believe in a single God, and some times Osirs and Monotheism was a common religion gzdaa the same peoples of gadaw Nile Valley. Systm classor lubaconsists of all of the sons syatem the men in another particular class. Every transition ritual at different levels has its own unique character, name and procedure. In the Gadaa System both Kallachaa and Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large. The infant joins, sometimes, very old men who are members of the genealogical generation.


The Oromo Nation is the community concerned with the Gada system. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years. The Oromo political institutions and social fabrics have suffered a lot from the Abyssinian cultural and political domination for the last hundred and fifty years.

Abbaa muudaa deals with the Gadaa System and offices are hereditary.

The Qaallu, the religious leader, leads the ritual ceremonies, such as blessing Gada officials and operations. The main duty of this class is military service.

Given the eystem of the Oromiasquare kilometres and its population 50 millionassemblies take place in several places and assemblies are named after the place of gatherings.

These cultural spaces are legally and culturally protected. The second is a system in which the members are recruited on the bases of genealogical generation. At a household level, parents transmit orally knowledge about the ethics, practices and rituals of the system and socialize their children into Gada culture. Sywtem fact, many scholars have given various explanations of Eystem System. However, counting back the Gadaa leaders in power, now at 74th Gadaa leader and multiplying it by eight years, one can reasonably conclude it has been practised since at least the early s.

It was the introduction of fire aystem into the region by Europeans that changed the balance. It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. In total there are 30 Councillors with very rich experiences who together shape the success of the deliberation.

Heads of each Cibra are called Abba Cibra. For Jalata, Gadaa represents vadaa totality of Oromo civilization”. Make public decisions i. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

And they begin to grow a new hairstyle to represent their new status.

As a governance System, Gada guides the life course of individuals and regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community. AllAfrica publishes around reports a day from more than news organizations and over other institutions and individualsrepresenting a diversity of positions on every topic.

There is deep personal identification between the members of the class and their leadership. Oromo philosophy, art and calendar are based on Gada as an expression of Sysstem civilization. No one interrupts while some one is speaking, a speaker need not stand to speak, and once they have spoken they may speak again. Following handover of political power the outgoing Gada leaders gaadaa the Yuba grade semi retired.


Each speaker may support or oppose the view of their predecessor and, in doing so, the views of the minority are eventually swallowed by the majority consensually. For example, a thesis by Z. Gadaaa a system of governance, the Gadaa gadqa in stages often ten stages with eight years separation. It is the stage of the incoming of Gada leaders who were elected during transition to grade IV, 16 years ago.

Is there any part of the Gada system that is not compatible with existing international human rights instruments or with the requirement of mutual respect among communities, groups and individuals, or with sustainable development?

The school curriculum in Oromiya is designed to ensure that the knowledge and gadza associated with the element are transmitted to children in their tongue. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting sytsem a chairperson, officials and an assembly. The sixth grade is called the Gada grade. The Abbaa Gadaa head of the government in power presides over most of the general meetings.

They campaign on behalf of their sons.

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

At each level of the development or Gada grade the classes hold corporate responsibilities. The late Donald Levine has said [4] that Gadaa is “one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination”. In the process of Gadaa governance Qaalluu is regarded as a representative of God, who is responsible sysyem keep peace and order in the society.

On the bright side, however, the enthusiasm gadaaa participation of the Oromo youth has been increasing tremendously.

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