Fournier’s gangrene is an acute, rapidly progressive, and potentially fatal, infective necrotizing fasciitis affecting the external genitalia, perineal or perianal. Penis and scrotum – Fournier gangrene. First documented in by Professor Jean Alfred Fournier (Whonamedit: Fournier Gangrene. Fournier gangrene is a rapidly progressing necrotizing fasciitis involving the perineal, perianal, or genital regions and constitutes a true surgical emergency with.

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Fournier gangrene – Wikipedia

Aetiology Initially, FG was defined as an idiopathic entity, but diligent search will show the source of infection in the vast majority of cases, as either perineal and genital skin infections. When available, a burn center may be a good location for the treatment of patients with necrotizing soft-tissue surgical infections, including Fournier gangrene.

Electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, blood glucose levels: Comorbid systemic disorders are being identified more and more in patients with FG, the commonest being diabetes mellitus and alcohol misuse; other associations include extremes of age, malignancy, chronic steroid use, cytotoxic drugs, lymphoproliferative diseases, malnutrition, and HIV infection. Elderly adults male and femaleimmunocompromised particularly diabetes or those with depressed mental status.

However, necrotic patches soon appear in the overlying skin, which later develop into necrosis. Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae.

Rare Disease Database

Gas gangrene is a severe form of tissue death usually fourner by bacteria that fournoer not need oxygen anaerobes to survive, such as Clostridium perfringens. In severe cases, the death of tissue can extend to parts of the thighs, through the abdominal wall and up to the chest wall.


If colorectal or urogenital origin is established, source control is imperative, in accordance with each case. Risk factors and strategies for management”. D ICD – Reactive unilateral or bilateral hydroceles may also be present.

Ischiorectal, perirectal, or perianal abscesses, appendicitis. In a large retrospective study of 68 patients, Corcoran et al.

Testicular involvement is rare in Fournier’s gangrene because of the separate blood supply to the testes [ 16 ]. It is recommended to explore the canal anal before placement of the catheter in order to avoid rectal injuries.

Fournier Gangrene – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Computerized tomographic CT images are preferred because they resolve smaller amounts of soft tissue gases and fluids. The device protects the wounds from fecal gngrena and reduces the same way that a colostomy both the risk of skin breakdown and repeated inoculation with colonic flora. Circumferential negative-pressure dressing VAC to bolster skin grafts in the reconstruction of the penile shaft and scrotum. Bacteria, neutrophils and necrotic tissue.

Debridement should be stopped when separation of the foutnier and the subcutaneous is not perform easily, because the cutaneous necrosis is not a good marker.

Fournier’s Gangrene: Current Practices

In a review of cases from to worldwide, reported in the English literature, the mortality rate was 16 per cent. Blunt perineal trauma; intramuscular injections, genital piercings.

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Report of thirty-three cases and a review of the literature”. The degree of derivation from normal is graded from 0 to 4. ANZ Journal of Surgery.

Urethral reconstruction through a variety of methods including anterolateral thigh flaps, radial artery forearm free flap, and other simple skin and gangrenaa flaps were being done. Treatment and Management The cornerstones of treatment of Fournier’s gangrene are urgent surgical debridement of all necrotic tissue as well as high doses of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Treatment usually consists of the surgical removal debridement of extensive areas of dead tissue necrosis, necrotic and the administration of broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics.


The mean age of presentation is about 50 years, but the range of patient ages in reported cases is from eight days to 90 years. Rectal diversion device The Flexi-weal Fecal Management system Figure 2 is a silicone catheter designed to divert fecal matter in patients with diarrhea, local burns, or skin ulcers.

Vacuum-Assisted Closure With the recent advent of the vacuum assisted closure VAC system dressing, there seems to be a dramatic improvement with minimising skin defects and speeding tissue healing. Scrotal involvement was tangrena in The individual values are summed to obtain the FGSI score. Hydroceles are common in the newborn infant. It may be that the high male to female ratio in the diagnosis is the result of the lack of recognition of this entity among women by physicians.

Clostridium bacteria in an environment of low oxygen concentration produce toxins that cause tissue death and associated symptoms. Early diagnosis using Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis score and stratification of patients into high risk fojrnier using Fournier’s Gangrene Severity Index score help in early initiation of treatment.

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